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We Are All Treaty People

St. Andrew Catholic School is situated within the lands of Treaty No. 14, or the Head of the Lake Purchase, which was signed on September 12, 1806.

We acknowledge and thank the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation for being stewards of this traditional territory.

Treaties are legally binding agreements that set out the rights, responsibilities and relationships of First Nations and the federal and provincial governments.

Ontario would not exist as it is today without treaties. They form the basis of the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Although many treaties were signed more than a century ago, treaty commitments are just as valid today as they were then.

The treaties, or agreements, set out continuing treaty rights and benefits that First Nations entered into with the British government, and later Canada.

As part of Ontario’s response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action, Ontario has designated the first week of November each year as Treaties Recognition Week. The goal of this week is to promote public education and awareness about the history and importance of treaties and treaty relationships.

First Nations were the original occupants of this land we call Ontario. Our shared history begins around 400 years ago, when Europeans first arrived.  Treaties between the British Crown (government) and Indigenous peoples were negotiated and signed with the intent of delivering mutual benefits. Ontario is covered by 46 treaties that were signed between 1781 and 1930.

Treaties Recognition Week is one of many steps on Ontario’s journey of healing and reconciliation with Indigenous peoples.

To learn more please visit:

We Are All Treaty People